As the world celebrates World Malaria Day, there is the need to reflects on some facts and the need to take actions.
Today, Malaria, a disease transmitted by infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, is one of those diseases that are responsible for a lot of human death, despite the fact that it is easy to treat.
Malaria is a serious, sometimes fatal disease that is spread by mosquitoes who have been infected by a parasite. The disease is spread when mosquitoes feed on humans
According to the United States Embassy in Nigeria, about half of the world’s population, that is 3.3 Billion people are affected by the scourge of malaria.
Total funding for malaria control and elimination reached an estimated US$ 3.1 billion in 2017. Contributions from governments of endemic countries amounted to US$ 900 million, representing 28% of total funding.
The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 435 000 in 2017. And according to the World Health Organisation, African countries account for 92 percent of malaria cases and 93 percent of Malaria deaths.
According to facts, Malaria is the 2nd leading cause of death from diseases in Africa, after HIV/AIDS.
United States Embassy in Nigeria estimates that 97 percent of the Nigerian population is at risk of being infected by the disease, while the county accounts for an estimated 100 million malaria cases with over 300,000 deaths per year in Nigeria.
It also reports that Malaria accounts for 60% of outpatient visits and 30% of hospitalizations among children under five of age in Nigeria.
It has been discovered that 11 percent of maternal mortality in Nigeria is caused by malaria. Pregnant women are also extremely vulnerable to malaria. If the disease is contracted during pregnancy, it can be passed to the infant or result in low birth weight, which decreases the baby’s chance of survival.
Here are Things You Can Do To Prevent Malaria In Your Own Little Way
- See that your environment is as neat as possible, dirty and flooded environment breed these mosquitoes that cause malaria. Avoid sleeping outside or in the vicinity of areas where mosquitoes like to live, e.g. standing water (tyres, lakes, waste dumps)
- Ensure you make use of mosquito treated net to keep out mosquitoes while you sleep.
- Ensure you make use insect spray containing pyrethroids in all sleeping and sitting rooms.
- Be an Advocate for the End-Malaria campaigns in your local community. Educate people on the dangers of malaria and how they can prevent it with little efforts.
- If you have contracted the disease, visit your doctor immediately. You can also use antimalaria drugs prescribed by the doctor.
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) April 25, 2019
It's #WorldMalariaDay and the stats of people getting infected & dying (especially kids) from Malaria are still very high for a preventable disease.
This year's theme is "Zero Malaria starts with me" and it aims at reinforcing preventive measures at the grassroots. pic.twitter.com/oN03yc5F09
— Adedolapo?? (@rnthonia) April 25, 2019